Yükleniyor...

Camili Biosphere Reserve

   Camili is located in one of the 25 ecological land areas under threat, which are selected by Conservation International, World Bank and Global Environment Fund. It is also a part of the “Karçal Mountains Vital Vegetation Area”, which is one of Turkey’s selected 112 vegetation areas. In addition, it is monitored by WWF (World Wildlife Fund) in the scope of “Forests with a High Priority of Protection Project” in the Caucasian Ecological Region.

   Pure Caucasian queen bee race lives in Camili.  Furthermore, Camili has global importance because it is on one of the most important bird migration routes of the Western Palearctic region. It is also a part of the “East Black Sea Region Mountains Vital Birds Area” (ÖKA) and “Karçal Mountains Vital Birds Area.” The existence of Tetraogallus Caucasicus and Caucasian black grouse (Tetrao Mlokosiewiczi), which are Caucasian endemic species living in alpine grasslands is an indication of a healthy habitat. Some raptors like golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetus), Ruppell's Griffon vulture (Aegypus monachus), and peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) can be seen in the area. These are some of the reasons why Camili was chosen by Birdlife International as one of the 217 areas in the world with a high priority of protection. Recent studies show that the area’s being on one of the most important bird migration routes and harboring temperate zone forest biome species and alpine biome species indicate that it has the potential to be a separate “Vital Birds Area”.

    Efeler and Gorgit nature reserves in Camili Biosphere Reserve are very important protection zones.  There are 6 villages in Camili and 1280 people (300 households) live permanently in these villages. Their main sources of income are agriculture (mainly hazelnut cultivation) and livestock breeding. Recently developing tourism and beekeeping, which gained momentum with rise of the pure Caucasian queen bee, can be added to the list.

    Since the year 2000, “The Biological Diversity and Natural Resources Management Project” has been carried out in Camili Biosphere Reserve, which is the first biosphere reserve in Turkey, by the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs with the support and subsidies of Global Environment Fund (GEF).

Çavuşlu Village Mosque
   It was built on a plain area in Çavuşlu Village of Borçka. According to the epigrah on the entrance door of the mosque, it was built in 1860. It has got two floors and a rectangular shape. There is a stairway in front of the entrance door. Almost all parts of the mosque were made of wood. Its mihrab was made of wood with a carving technique. The mosque which is small has not got any minarets.
Muratlı Mosque
   It is in Muratlı Village of Borçka. According to the epigraph which is on the door leading to the maksoorah, it was built by Ahmet Usta (Aslanoğlu) in 1846 (1262 according to Muslim Calendar). In 1847 (1263 according to Muslim Calendar) its minbar was built by Uzunhasanzade Hüseyin Alemdar and its maksoorah was built by Sağıroğlu Hüseyin Ağa. The original wooden minaret of the mosque which underwent a restoration because of the destruction during the Russian invasion in the region was rebuilt in 1979. Apart from these, the mosque which had partly-restorations thanks to the people living is still used for praying. It has two-storey narthex on the northern side, two-storey gendermarie station and a minaret on the eastern side. The main part's exterior size is  15.25x12.80 meters and  it is rectangular but approximately square-shaped. The whole structure is wooden except for the minaret and the basement. It is composed of the eastern side, the basement floor, the narthex on the northern side and the surfaces of the main parts in this direction. The southern side is composed of the basement floor and the main part.
Bilbilan Karagöl (Bilbilan Black Lake)
   It is 25 kilometers away from the district of Şavşat and 3200 meters above sea level. It is accessible only in the summer months. It can be reached either through Dalkırmaz, Çiftlik, Savaş, Çavdarlı villages or through the mountain pastures of Hanlı and Karaağaç villages. It is located over the mountain pastures of Çavdarlı, Savaş and Hanlı villages, on top of Yalnızçam mountain range and behind the Bilbilan mountain pasture. Even in summer, there is snow around the lake, which has a magnificent view. There is a lot of red-spotted trout in the lake.
İbrikli Church
   Although İbrikli church cannot be found in literature, it was probably built during the reign of Bagratuni Dynasty during Medieval Period because it bears similarities to the other Christian religious architecture. It is not certain until when it had been used as a church and it hasn’t been used since the people in the region converted to Islam. It is in ruins today. No epigraph of the church has been found so far. It is located in the grassland in the south-east of a small neighborhood consisting of a few houses. It is almost hidden by the trees surrounding it. It is very big and has a cross shape. The arms of the cross have a roof with two splays on the exterior. There is a hoop with a conical hat and a very high cylinder-shaped body over the part of the place in the middle between the arms of the cross. There are four narrow and long rectangular arched windows in the body of the hoop.
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |