Camili Biosphere Reserve

   Camili is located in one of the 25 ecological land areas under threat, which are selected by Conservation International, World Bank and Global Environment Fund. It is also a part of the “Karçal Mountains Vital Vegetation Area”, which is one of Turkey’s selected 112 vegetation areas. In addition, it is monitored by WWF (World Wildlife Fund) in the scope of “Forests with a High Priority of Protection Project” in the Caucasian Ecological Region.

   Pure Caucasian queen bee race lives in Camili.  Furthermore, Camili has global importance because it is on one of the most important bird migration routes of the Western Palearctic region. It is also a part of the “East Black Sea Region Mountains Vital Birds Area” (ÖKA) and “Karçal Mountains Vital Birds Area.” The existence of Tetraogallus Caucasicus and Caucasian black grouse (Tetrao Mlokosiewiczi), which are Caucasian endemic species living in alpine grasslands is an indication of a healthy habitat. Some raptors like golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetus), Ruppell's Griffon vulture (Aegypus monachus), and peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) can be seen in the area. These are some of the reasons why Camili was chosen by Birdlife International as one of the 217 areas in the world with a high priority of protection. Recent studies show that the area’s being on one of the most important bird migration routes and harboring temperate zone forest biome species and alpine biome species indicate that it has the potential to be a separate “Vital Birds Area”.

    Efeler and Gorgit nature reserves in Camili Biosphere Reserve are very important protection zones.  There are 6 villages in Camili and 1280 people (300 households) live permanently in these villages. Their main sources of income are agriculture (mainly hazelnut cultivation) and livestock breeding. Recently developing tourism and beekeeping, which gained momentum with rise of the pure Caucasian queen bee, can be added to the list.

    Since the year 2000, “The Biological Diversity and Natural Resources Management Project” has been carried out in Camili Biosphere Reserve, which is the first biosphere reserve in Turkey, by the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs with the support and subsidies of Global Environment Fund (GEF).

Düzköy Vaniti Bridge
   The structure which has not got an epigraph is thought to have been built in the 18th century. It was on Borçka-Hopa road and over a creek coming from Hopa. It is in the group of  single arch stone bridges with a straight way. It is connected with the Han Bridge which is next to it. Two bridges are 33 meters long and 2,9 meters wide. The arch of the bridge was designated  by a circular two-grade arch. Hewnstones and rubble stones were used in its arch and its walls.There is no barrier wall on the bridge.
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